Séance

56 - Communication libre
Vascular Access / Vein
3 juin 2021, 17:35 - 19:05, Stream 3: SSCVasculaire & SSCViscérale

Abstract

2
First experience with percutaneous arteriovenous fistula creation using the Ellipsys® vascular access system
A. Isaak1, A. Mallios2, L. Gürke3, T. Wolff3, Presenter: A. Isaak1 (1Aarau, 2Paris, 3Basel)

Objective
Percutaneous creation of arteriovenous fistulae (pAVF) has been developed as an alternative to the creation of an upper arm cephalic or basilic vein fistula. Several studies have shown high technical success rates and comparable time of maturation. To our knowledge, the technique has not been used in Switzerland before.
Methods
Prospective data collection of the first consecutive patients undergoing the creation of pAVF between April and July 2020 at two vascular surgery centres.
Results
Seven patients underwent pAVF creation with the Ellipsys® vascular access system under regional anaesthesia for maximum vasodilation. The procedures were performed entirely under sonographic control without the use of fluoroscopy. The cephalic or basilic vein was punctured and the puncture needle advanced under sonographic control through the cubital perforator vein into the proximal radial artery. The Ellipsys® catheter was advanced over a guidewire and activated to create the fistula between the proximal radial artery and the perforator vein. The fistula was further dilated with a 5mm PTA balloon. We achieved technical success in 6 patients. In one patient with small and spastic vessels, the needle could not be advanced into the radial artery. A conventional upper arm cephalic fistula was created during the same procedure. In three patients primary maturation was achieved and the cephalic vein or distal basilic vein could be punctured for dialysis without any adjunct procedures. One patient required three additional procedures before the fistula could be used successfully (additional angioplasty of the fistula, superficialisation of the basilic vein and correction of a cubital vein stenosis by excision and end-to-end anastomosis). One patient required superficialisation of the basilic vein and one patient transposition of the arterialised brachial vein. Maturation was achieved in six pAVF after a mean of 158 days with a mean fistula flow of 920 ml/ min.
Conclusion
We achieved high technical success and maturation rates in our first patients undergoing pAVF creation with the Ellipsys® system. Prerequisites are suitable anatomy of the cubital perforator vein and good skills in sonography and endovascular techniques. We believe that pAVF is a promising alternative to the creation of a conventional upper arm fistula in patients unsuitable for a distal radio-cephalic fistula.
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