80 - Freie Mitteilung
3. Juni 2022, 08:30 - 10:00, Panorama 1
A multifactorial intervention to reduce use of antibiotics in acute uncomplicated diverticulitis - a single centre feasibility study
R. Galli, D. Mitas, P. Molteni, E. Burri, S. Lamm, R. Rosenberg, Presenter: R. Galli (Liestal)
Standard treatment for uncomplicated diverticulitis in our institution consists of antibiotics. However, current evidence suggests that bacterial infection has a less predominant role than previously thought, and that uncomplicated acute diverticulitis may be a self-limiting condition in which inflammation can be managed without antibiotics. With the support of a multidisciplinary team we developed an intervention in order to reduce the use of antibiotics for patients with uncomplicated diverticular disease.
Standard practice and knowledge of current evidence were investigated with a structured survey sent to general practitioners and gastroenterologists with private practice in the area. A clinical process model for treatment of uncomplicated left-sided diverticulitis was created and exclusion criteria were selected in order to define patients with a high risk of developing complications. An educational intervention based on current evidence and the new treatment pathway was conducted on hospital staff as well as primary care physicians in the area in order to raise awareness about the possibility of avoiding antibiotics in uncomplicated diverticulitis. Patients were also involved and received an informative sheet about the rationale of the new treatment, the planned follow up and warning signs warranting further investigations and referral in case of outpatient treatment. All patients from May 2021 to December 2021 with a computed tomography-verified left-sided acute uncomplicated diverticulitis were included in the study and evaluated prospectively.
Of 60 patients with acute uncomplicated diverticulitis, 23 (38%) were eligible for treatment without antibiotics. High inflammatory markers on presentation were the main reason (84%) for giving antibiotics. Adherence to the new policy was 74%. None of the 17 patients initially managed without antibiotics failed conservative treatment.
This project confirmed that treatment of uncomplicated diverticulitis without antibiotics can successfully be offered to a selected group of patients without altering the course of the disease. Further efforts are needed in order to overcome existing barriers to rational antimicrobial use such as lack of trust in new guidelines, general uncertainty and risk avoidance, patients’ expectations for antibiotic treatment, and fear of legal consequences.