80 - Freie Mitteilung
3. Juni 2022, 08:30 - 10:00, Panorama 1
Interdisciplinary combined sacrocolporectopexy: Results after one-year follow-up.
G. Bauci, T. Hülder, S. Bischofberger, W. Brunner, B. Schmied, L. Marti, Presenter: G. Bauci (St. Gallen)
Multicompartmental pelvic floor descensus typically affects women after menopause, leading to a combination of faecal and urinary incontinence, dyspareunia, and evacuation disorders. The aim of this study was to access postoperative quality of life and complications as well as outcome after one-year follow-up after operation of multicompartmental pelvic floor prolapse (POP).
All Patients undergoing ventral mesh rectopexy by surgical department and anterior mesh sacrocolpopexy by gynecologists at the same time between 2015 and 2020 were enrolled. The study is a retrospective cohort study approved by the local Ethics committee. Follow-up was scheduled at 6 weeks, 6, and 12 months and consisted of clinical examination and questionnaires. Perioperative and long-time morbidity was assessed according to the Clavien-Dindo classification. Quality of life and patients’ satisfaction were evaluated at each consultation.
Twenty-seven patients were included. All patients were seen at one-year follow-up. Demographic and clinical features are reported in Table 1. Preoperatively, 22 patients (81.5%) were diagnosed with stage II-III (POP-Q) prolapse and severe multicompartment descensus detected on Magnetic Resonance (MR). Laparoscopic surgery was performed in 92.5% of cases and intraoperative conversion was necessary in 2 cases. In 15 cases (55%) a Dynamesh® Visible, in 11 cases (41%) a Gynamesh®, and in one (4%) case a Surgipro™ Mesh was used. No severe complications (Clavien-Dindo >=3) occurred postoperatively. 90-day mortality was 0%. Intraoperatively, a total of 1 vaginal, and 2 bladder lesions were corrected and healed without consequences. At 1 year, patients reported a high level of satisfaction and massive improvement of QoL (8.5 Pt. VAS Scale). During follow-up, one patient had to be reoperated because of incisional hernia and one to cover vaginal mesh exposure. A tension free vaginal tape (TVT) had to be inserted in 4 patients (15%) due to new onset of urinary incontinence. Symptomatic recurrence of prolapse did not occur.
Interdisciplinary combined sacrocolporectopexy is an effective therapy of multicompartmental pelvic floor descensus. It is a safe procedure with low perioperative morbidity and high patients’ satisfaction. Therefore, it might be the procedure of choice to correct multicompartmental POP.